Understanding How Solar Power Works

Solar power is energy from the sun. You feel it every day when the sun shines. That giant star in our solar system provides heat and light for the earth. But, what is going on when people decide to use solar power for their homes?

It all starts with the sun’s rays. The sun bombards the earth with solar radiation. We know it as UVA and UVB radiation. Much of those rays are reflected back into space but there is enough of that energy that is absorbed by the earth to fuel homes all across the planet. Unfortunately technology hasn’t caught up with our grand ideas to save the planet but you can do your part with residential solar power.

They have gotten a bit more thin and streamlined since they first came out. Before, only someone with a lot of money could afford residential solar power but the systems are widely used now.

Each solar panel is composed of photo-voltaic cells. These cells are usually made of silicon or other semi-conductive material. The cells are arranged uniformly with a positive and a negative end to create the solar panel device. When the light of the sun hits the panels (usually placed on the south side of the roof or the lawn), it is absorbed into the solar cells.

The light energy (photons) hits the solar cells and electrons are knocked loose. These loose electrons move through the array and create the electricity you need to power your home. At this point, the electricity that is produced is DC, or direct current. Your home uses AC or alternating current so the energy has to be converted. This is where the rest of the solar electricity system takes over. The electricity that is produced by the solar PV (photo-voltaic) array, is then passed to a DC disconnect device. This device interrupts the flow of electricity from the array. From there, you can use one of two methods for funneling the electricity into your home.

If you use a residential solar power system that is directly connected to your electrical system, the electricity will then pass through an inverter to change the DC to AC. If you are using a system that uses a battery to store solar electricity for later use, solar electricity is sent to a battery bank where it is stored until needed. When you are ready to use the electricity, it then passes through an inverter for use by AC outlets in your home.

Finding the Right Solar Power Business

Ask any of the many solar contractors out there and they will confirm that installing a residential solar power system lowers your home electricity bills. When you install solar power, you are tapping into the future of the earth which is alternative renewable energy. It pays to find out more by contacting a local Solar Power Contractor and learn what is involved to complete a home solar panels installation.